Antheraea proylei Jolly
Temperate Tasar Silk
Also called oak tasar silk in India, this silk is a relatively recent innovation. In the 1970s Indian sericulturists began to culture strains of wild silkworms that were derived from crosses between the Chinese Antheraea pernyi and the Himalayan Antheraea roylei Moore. The hybrid was named Antheraea proylei Jolly. This new type of silk was greeted with a lot of enthusiasm, and was intended to exploit the abundant fields of oaks in the sub-Himalayan belt (Goel & Krishna Rao 2004). Over time, the strains began to decline (Srivastav & Thangavelu 2005, pages 101–104), and now this type of wild silk is only cultivated in three small states in India: Manipur in the Northeast and Uttarakhand and Jammu & Kashmir in the North. It is produced on a very limited scale.
The natural color of the silk is usually a grayish brown color. It can be reeled or spun. The sample illustrated here was obtained directly from India from a reliable source.
Description: Women's wrapper with temperate tasar silk (Antheraea proylei, a cross between A. pernyi and A. roylei). Hand-woven in 2010 in Uttarakhand. The handspun weft is temperate tasar, and the warps are temperate tasar and eri (Samia ricini) silks, both handspun. Colors are from natural vegetable dyes. Received directly from India in October 2010.
Production Location: Uttarakhand, India
Goel, R. K. and J. V. Krishna Rao. 2004. Oak Tasar Culture—Aboriginal of Himalayas. A.P.H. Publishing Corp., New Delhi. xii 247 pp.
Srivastav, P. K. and K. Thangavelu. 2005. Sericulture and seri-biodiversity. Associated
Publishing Company, New Delhi. xvii + 254 pp., 48 color figures.