Grasshoppers of Tennessee (species list)
JoVonn G. Hill


The first list of grasshoppers of Tennessee was compiled by Marcovitch (1920).  Since then, additional species have been found in the state and several nomenclatural changes have been made.  As part of an ongoing study of the grasshopper fauna of the southeastern U.S., reliable literature records were gathered to identify what species had been previously documented from each state. The annotated list below contains 58 taxa that have been documented in Tennessee followed by whether specimens from the state are present in the Mississippi Entomological Museum (MEM) and the literature records documenting the species in the state. This list will be updated with more literature and species records as the fauna of Tennessee is studied more intently. 

The list is currently arranged taxonomically by subfamily and then alphabetically within each subfamily.  Taxonomy follows Eades et al. (2010).

GOMPHOCERINAE
Amblytropidia mysteca (Saussure): MEM, Saussure 1861b, Blatchley 1920
Chloealtis conspersa Harris: USDA 1956, Otte 1981
Chorthippus curtipennis (Harris): Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1956, Otte 1981
Dichromorpha viridis  (Scudder): MEM,  Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1956, Otte 1981
Eritettix simplex (Scudder): MEM, Blatchley 1920,  Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1956,  Otte 1981
Mermiria bivittata (Serville): Otte 1981
Mermiria picta (Walker): Marcovitch 1920
Orphulella pelidna (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1957, Otte 1981
Orphulella speciosa (Scudder): MEM, USDA 1957, Otte 1981, Hill 2012
Pseudopomala brachyptera (Scudder): MEM, Hill 2012
Syrbula admirabilis (Uhler): MEM, Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1957, Otte 1981, Hill 2012


ACRIDINAE

Metaleptea brevicornis (Johannson): Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, Otte 1981, Donato and Cigliano 2000


OEDIPODINAE
Arphia sulphurea  (Fabricius): MEM, Marcovitch 1920, Otte 1984, Hill 2012
Arphia xanthoptera (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, Otte 1984, Hill 2012
Chortophaga viridifasciata (DeGeer): MEM, Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1956, Otte, 1984, Hill 2012
Dissosteira carolina  (Linnaeus): MEM , Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1956, Otte 1984, Hill 2012
Encoptolophus sordidus (Burmeister): Morse 1904, Blatchley 1920,USDA 1956, Otte 1984
Hippiscus ocelote (Saussure): MEM, Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1956, Otte 1984, Hill 2012
Pardalophora apiculata (Harris): Marcovitch 1920, Otte 1984
Pardalophora phoenicoptera (Burmeister): MEM, USDA 1957, Otte 1984
Spharagemon bolli Scudder: MEM, Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1957, Otte 1984
Spharagemon saxatile Morse: MEM, Hill 2012
Trachyrhachys kiowa  (Thomas): MEM, Morse 1904, Blatchley 1920, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1957, Otte 1984, Hill 2012
Trimerotropis maritima (Harris): Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920
Trimerotropis saxatalis McNeil: Marcovitch 1920, Otte 1984


LEPTYSMINAE
Leptysma marginicollis (Serville): Marcovitch 1920, Rehn and Eades 1961

CYRTACANTHACRIDINAE
Schistocerca alutacea Harris: Hubbell 1960, Song 2004
Schistocerca americana (Drury): MEM, Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1957
Schistocerca damnifica (Saussure): MEM, Saussure 1861a, Marcovitch 1920
Schistocerca lineata Scudder: Hubbell 1960
Schistocerca obscura (Fabricius): Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1957, Song 2004
Schistocerca rubiginosa (Harris): Song 2004


MELANOPLINAE
Booneacris variegata (Scudder): Marcovitch 1920
Dendrotettix australis (Morse): MEM, Friauf 1957
Dendrotettix quercus Riley: Friauf 1957
Hesperotettix viridis pratensis Scudder: MEM, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1956, Hill 2012
Melanoplus bivitttatus (Say): MEM, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1956
Melanoplus celatus Morse: Hebard 1937
Melanoplus deceptus Morse: MEM, Marcovitch 1920, Hebard 1935
Melanoplus decoratus Morse: MEM, Marcovitch 1920
Melanoplus differentialis differentialis (Thomas): MEM, Morse 1904, Blatchley 1920, Marcovitch 1920, Roberts 1942, Hill 2012
Melanoplus femurrubrum (DeGeer): MEM, Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1956
Melanoplus gracilis (Bruner): MEM, Marcovitch 1920, Otte 2002, Hill 2012
Melanoplus hubbelli  Hebard: Hebard 1935, Otte 2002
Melanoplus impudicus Scudder: MEM, Gurney 1941
Melanoplus ingrami Hill: Hill 2010, Hill 2012
Melanoplus keeleri keeleri (Thomas): Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920
Melanoplus morsei Blatchley: MEM, Eades 1959, Hill 2012
Melanoplus ponderosus ponderosus (Scudder): USDA 1957
Melanoplus rusticus obovatipennis (Blatchley): Marcovitch 1920
Melanoplus sanguinipes vulturnus Gurney and Brooks: MEM, Morse 1904, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1957, Gurney and Brooks 1959, Hill 2012
Melanoplus scudderi scudderi (Uhler): MEM, Marcovitch 1920, USDA 1957, Hill 2012
Melanoplus similis Morse: MEM, Hebard 1920, Marcovitch 1920, Hebard 1935, Otte 2002.
Melanoplus tunicae Hebard: Hebard 1920
Melanoplus vulnus Eades: MEM, Morse 1907 , Eades 1959
Melanoplus walshii Scudder: MEM, Marcovitch 1920, Hill 2012
Paratylotropidia brunneri Scudder: MEM, Hill 2012


ROMALEIDAE
Romalea microptera (Beauvois): MEM, Blatchley 1920, Marcovitch 1920, Rehn and Grant 1959, Rehn and Grant 1961


Literature Cited

Blatchley, W. S.  1920.  The Orthoptera of Northeastern America: With Special Reference to the Faunas of Indiana and Florida. Nature Publishing Company, Indianapolis, IN. 784 pp.

Eades, D. C. 1959. A new species of Melanoplus from the southeastern United States (Orthoptera, Acridiae, Cyrtacanthacridinae). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan. 614. 11 pp.

Friauf, J. J. 1957. Clarification of the species in the genus Dendrotettix (Orthoptera: Acrididae, Cyrtacanthacrinae). Florida Entomologist 40: 127-139.

Donato, M, and M. M. Cigliano. 2000. Revision of the Genus Metaleptea Bruner von Wattenwyl (Orthoptera; Acrididae; Hyalopterygini) Transactions of the American Entomological Society 126: 145-173.

Gurney, A. B. 1941. Taxonomic and bionomic notes on the grasshopper Melanoplus impudicus Scudder (Orthoptera: Acrididae) The American Midland Naturalist 26: 558-569.

Gurney, A. B. and A. R. Brooks. 1959. Grasshoppers of the Mexicanus group, genusMelanoplus (Orthoptera: Acrididiae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 110: 1-93.

Hebard, M. 1920   New species and genera of Melanopli found within the United States Part III (Orthoptera: Acrdidae) Transactions of the American Entomological Society 46: 355-403.

Hebard, M. 1935. New Genera and species of Melanopli found within the United States and Canada (Orthoptera: Acrididae) Parts V-VI. Transactions of the American Entomological Society.

Hebard, M. 1937.  New Genera and species of Melanopli found within the United States and Canada (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Parts X to XIV: The Saltator group, the Femur-nigrum group  (supplement), the Indigens group (Supplement), The Mancus and Texanus group of the genus Melanoplus. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 63:147-173.

Hill J.G. 2010. A new species of Melanoplus (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae) from the cedar glades of Tennessee, USA. Journal of Orthoptera Research 19: 341-345.

Hill, J.G. 2012 Habitat associations of grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in the heterogeneous cedar glade landscape of the Central Basin of Tennessee. Journal of Orthoptera Research 21: 227-233.

Hubbell, T. H. 1960. The sibling species of the Alutacea Group of the bird-locust genus Schistocerca (Orthoptera: Cyrtacanthacridinae). Miscellaneous Publication of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology 116: 1-91.
Marcovitch, S. 1920. Grasshoppers of Tennessee. Bulletin of the Tennessee State Board of Entomology 33: 1-111.
Morse, A. P. 1904. Researches on North American Acrididae.  Carnegie Institute of Washington publication 18. 1-55. ill
Otte, D. 1981. The North American Grasshoppers Volume 1: Acrididae: Gomphocerinae and Acridinae. Harvard University Press. Cambrigde, 275 pp.

Otte, D. 1984. The North American Grasshoppers Volume II. Harvard University Press. Cambrigde. 366 pp.

Otte, D. 2002. Studies of Melanoplus. 1. Review of the Viridipes group (Acrididae: Melanoplinae). Journal of Orthoptera Research 11: 91-118.

Rehn, J. A. G. and D. C. Eades. 1961.  The tribe Leptysmimi (Orthoptea; Acrididae; Cyrtacanthacridinae) as found in North America and Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 113. 81-134.

Rehn, J. A. G. and H. J. Grant. 1959. A review of the Romaleinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae) found in America north of Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 111: 109-271.

Rehn, J. A. G. and H. J. Grant. 1961. A Monograph of the Orthoptera of North American  (North of Mexico) Volume I. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 1-257.

Roberts, H. R. 1942. Two subspecies of Melanoplus differntialis and related new species from Mexico with discussion of their variations. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 154: 151-166.

Saussure. 1861. Orthoptera nova americana (Diagnoses praeliminares). II. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie Pure et Appliquée. 2(13): 156-164.

Saussure. H. D.  1861. Orthoptera nova americana (Diagnoses praeliminares). II. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie Pure et Appliquée. 2(13): 313-324.

Song, H. 2004. Revision of the Alutacea group of genus Schistocerca (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Cyrtacanthacridinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97: 420-436.

USDA. 1956. Cooperative economic insect report. 56: 597-1150.

USDA 1957. Cooperative economic insect report 7:50-480.

recorded as M. morsei.