Grasshoppers of South Carolina (species list)
JoVonn G. Hill


As part of an ongoing study of the grasshopper fauna of the southeastern U.S., reliable literature records were gathered to identify what species had been previously documented from each state. The annotated list below contains 56 taxa that have been documented in South Carolina followed by whether specimens from the state are present in the Mississippi Entomological Museum (MEM) and the literature records documenting the species in the state. This list will be updated with more literature and species records as the fauna of South Carolina is studied more intently. 

The list is currently arranged taxonomically by subfamily and then alphabetically within each subfamily.  Taxonomy follows Eades et al. (2010).

GOMPHOCERINAE
Achurum carinatum (Walker): Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1981
Amblytropidia mysteca (Saussure): MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1981
Chloealtis conspersa Harris: Otte 1981
Dichromorpha elegans (Morse): Rehn and Hebard 1916, Davis 1978, Otte 1981
Dichromorpha viridis  (Scudder): Stål 1873, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1956, Otte 1981
Eritettix simplex (Scudder): Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1956,Otte 1981
Mermiria bivittata (Serville): Blatchley 1920, USDA 1957, Davis 1978, Otte 1981
Mermiria intertexta Scudder: Rehn and Hebard 1916, Davis 1978.
Mermiria picta (Walker): Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1981
Orphulella pelidna (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916. USDA 1957, Davis 1978
Stethophyma celata Otte: Otte 1981.
Syrbula admirabilis (Uhler): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957, Otte 1981


ACRIDINAE
Metaleptea brevicornis (Johannson): Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1981, Donato and Cigliano 2000


OEDIPODINAE
Arphia granulata (Sassure): Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1984
Arphia sulphurea  (Fabricius): Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1984
Arphia xanthoptera (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916. Otte 1984
Chortophaga viridifasciata (DeGeer): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1984
Dissosteira carolina  (Linnaeus): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1956,Otte 1984
Hippiscus ocelote (Saussure): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1956, Otte 1984
Pardalophora phoenicoptera (Burmeister): Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957, Otte 1984
Psinidia fenestralis (Serville): Rehn and Hebard 1916, Davis 1978, Otte 1984
Spharagemon bolli Scudder: Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957, Otte 1984
Spharagemon cristatum (Scudder): USDA 1957
Spharagemon marmorata picta (Scudder): MEM, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Davis 1978, Otte 1984
Trimerotropis maritima (Harris): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957,Davis 1978, Otte 1984


LEPTYSMINAE
Leptysma marginicollis (Serville): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Rehn and Eades 1961, Davis 1978


CYRTACANTHACRIDINAE
Schistocerca alutacea Harris: Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Hubbell 1960, Davis 1978, Song 2004
Schistocerca americana (Drury): MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957
Schistocerca damnifica (Saussure): MEM, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Schistocerca obscura (Fabricius) : Rehn and Hebard 1916, Davis 1978, Song 2004
Schistocerca rubiginosa (Harris): MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Song 2004


MELANOPLINAE
Campylacantha olivacea (Scudder): USDA 1956
Dendrotettix zimmermanni (Saussure): Friauf 1957
Eotettix pusillus Morse: Morse 1904a, Morse 1904b Rehn and Hebard 1916
Hesperotettix viridis brevipennis (Thomas): USDA 1956
Melanoplus angustipennis (Dodge): MEM
Melanoplus australis Morse: Rehn and Hebard 1916
Melanoplus attenuatus Scudder: MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920.
Melanoplus bivitttatus (Say): USDA 1956
Melanoplus carnegiei Morse: 1904a, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Melanoplus celatus Morse: Hebard 1937
Melanoplus cherokee Hebard: Hebard 1935
Melanoplus deceptus Morse: Otte 2010
Melanoplus delaware Hebard: Hebard 1935
Melanoplus devius Morse: Rehn and Hebard 1916
Melanoplus femurrubrum (DeGeer): USDA 1956, Davis 1978, Dakin 1985.
Melanoplus hubbelli Hebard::  Hebard 1935, Otte 2002
Melanoplus impudicus Scudder: Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Gurney 1941
Melanoplus keeleri keeleri (Thomas): MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1956
Melanoplus propinquus Scudder: MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Dakin 1985.
Melanoplus sanguinipes vulturnus Gurney and Brooks: Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957, Gurney and Brooks 1959
Melanoplus scudderi scudderi (Uhler): Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957
Melanoplus strumosus Morse: MEM, Morse 1904a, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Paroxya atlantica Scudder: Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Paroxya clavuliger (Serville): Davis 1978


ROMALEIDAE
Romalea microptera (Beauvois): Beauvois 1817, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916. Rehn and Grant 1959,Rehn and Grant 1961.


Literature Cited

Beauvois. 1817. Insectes recueillis en Afrique et en Amerique dans les royaumes d' Oware à Saint–Domingue et dans les Etats–unis pendant les annees 1786–1797. 276 pp. 90 pl

Blatchley, W. S.  1920.  The Orthoptera of Northeastern America: With Special Reference to the Faunas of Indiana and Florida. Nature Publishing Company, Indianapolis, IN. 784 pp.

Dakin, M. E. 1985. A review of the Melanoplus femur-rubrum group (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae) in the southeastern United States. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 111: 385-398.

Davis, L. V. 1978. Class Insecta. Pages 186-220. in R. G. Zingmark (Ed.) An annotated checklist of the biota of the coastal zone of South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press. Columbia, SC.

Donato, M, and M. M. Cigliano. 2000. Revision of the Genus Metaleptea Bruner von Wattenwyl (Orthoptera; Acrididae; Hyalopterygini) Transactions of the American Entomological Society 126: 145-173.

Friauf, J. J. 1957. Clarification of the species in the genus Dendrotettix (Orthoptera: Acrididae, Cyrtacanthacrinae). Florida Entomologist 40: 127-139.

Gurney, A. B. 1941. Taxonomic and bionomic notes on the grasshopper Melanoplus impudicus  Scudder (Orthoptera: Acrididae) The American Midland Naturalist 26: 558-569.

Gurney, A. B. and A. R. Brooks. 1959. Grasshoppers of the Mexicanus group, genus Melanoplus (Orthoptera: Acrididiae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 110: 1-93.

Hebard, M. 1935. New Genera and species of Melanopli found within the United States and Canada (Orthoptera: Acrididae) Parts V-VI. Transactions of the American Entomological Society.

Hebard, M. 1937.  New Genera and species of Melanopli found within the United States and Canada (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Parts X to XIV: The Saltator group, the Femur-nigrum group (supplement), the Indigens group (Supplement), The Mancus and Texanus group of the genus Melanoplus. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 63:147-173.

Hubbell, T. H. 1960. The sibling species of the Alutacea Group of the bird-locust genus Schistocerca (Orthoptera: Cyrtacanthacridinae). Miscellaneous Publication of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology 116: 1-91.

Morse, A. P. 1904. Researches on North American Acrididae.  Carnegie Institute of Washington publication 18. 1-55. ill

Otte, D. 1981. The North American Grasshoppers Volume 1: Acrididae: Gomphocerinae and Acridinae. Harvard University Press. Cambrigde, 275pp.

Otte, D. 1984. The North American Grasshoppers Volume II. Harvard University Press. Cambrigde. 366 pp.

Otte, D. 2002. Studies of Melanoplus. 1. Review of the Viridipes group (Acrididae: Melanoplinae). Journal of Orthoptera Research 11: 91-118.

Rehn, J. A. G. and D. C. Eades. 1961.  The tribe Leptysmimi (Orthoptea; Acrididae; Cyrtacanthacridinae) as found in North America and Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 113. 81-134.

Rehn, J. A. G. and H. J. Grant. 1959. A review of the Romaleinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae) found in America north of Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 111: 109-271.

Rehn, J. A. G. and H. J. Grant. 1961. A Monograph of the Orthoptera of North American (North of Mexico) Volume I. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 1-257.

Rehn J. A. G. and M. Hebard. 1916.  Studies in the Dermaptera and Orthoptera of the Coastal Plain and Piedmont region of the southeastern United States. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.  87: 87-314.

Song, H. 2004. Revision of the Alutacea group of genus Schistocerca (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Cyrtacanthacridinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97: 420-436.

Stål, C. 1873. Recensio orthopterorum. Revue critique des Orthoptères décrits par Linné, De Geer et Thunberg 1 Acridiodea. 154 pp.

USDA. 1956. Cooperative economic insect report. 56: 597-1150