Grasshoppers of North Carolina (species list)
JoVonn G. Hill


As part of an ongoing study of the grasshopper fauna of the southeastern U.S., reliable literature records were gathered to identify what species had been previously documented from each state. The annotated list below contains 76 taxa that have been documented in North Carolina followed by whether specimens from the state are present in the Mississippi Entomological Museum (MEM) and the literature records documenting the species in the state. This list will be updated with more literature and species records as the fauna of North Carolina is studied more intently. 

The list is currently arranged taxonomically by subfamily and then alphabetically within each subfamily.  Taxonomy follows Eades et al. (2010).

GOMPHOCERINAE
Amblytropidia mysteca (Saussure): MEM, Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1981
Chloealtis conspersa Harris: MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1956, Otte 1981
Chorthippus curtipennis (Harris): MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Otte 1981.
Dichromorpha elegans (Morse): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1981
Dichromorpha viridis  (Scudder): MEM, Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1956, Otte 1981
Eritettix simplex (Scudder): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1956, Otte 1981
Mermiria bivittata (Serville): USDA 1957, Otte 1981
Mermiria intertexta Scudder: Rehn and Hebard 1916, Davis and Gray 1966, Otte 1981
Mermiria picta (Walker): Scudder 1899, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1981
Orphulella pelidna (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957, Davis and Gray 1966, Otte 1981
Orphulella speciosa (Scudder): Morse 1904b
Syrbula admirabilis (Uhler): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957, Otte 1981


ACRIDINAE
Metaleptea brevicornis (Johannson): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1981, Donato and Cigliano 2000


OEDIPODINAE
Arphia granulata (Sassure): Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1984
Arphia sulphurea  (Fabricius): MEM, Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1984
Arphia xanthoptera (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1984
Chortophaga viridifasciata (DeGeer): MEM, Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1956, Otte 1984
Dissosteira carolina  (Linnaeus): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910,Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1956, Otte 1984
Encoptolophus sordidus (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1956, Otte 1984
Hippiscus ocelote (Saussure) Morse: 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1956, Otte 1984
Pardalophora apiculata (Harris): Rehn and Hebard 1910, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1984
Pardalophora phoenicoptera (Burmeister): Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957,Otte 1984
Psinidia fenestralis (Serville) Morse: 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910,Rehn and Hebard 1916, Otte 1984
Spharagemon bolli Scudder: Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957, Otte 1984
Spharagemon cristatum (Scudder): Morse 1904b, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1957
Spharagemon marmorata picta (Scudder): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910,Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1984
Trachyrhachys kiowa (Thomas): USDA 1957
Trimerotropis maritima (Harris): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957
Trimerotropis saxatalis McNeil: Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1984


LEPTYSMINAE
Leptysma marginicollis (Serville): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916,Rehn and Eades 1961
Stenacris vitreipennis (Marschall): Rehn and Hebard 1916, Rehn and Eades 1961, Roberts 1978


CYRTACANTHACRIDINAE

Schistocerca alutacea Harris: Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Song 2004
Schistocerca americana (Drury): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957
Schistocerca damnifica (Saussure): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Schistocerca lineata Scudder: Hubbell 1960
Schistocerca obscura (Fabricius): Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957, Song 2004
Schistocerca rubiginosa (Harris): Song 2004


MELANOPLINAE

Booneacris variegata (Scudder): MEM, Morse 1904b
Dendrotettix australis (Morse): Friauf 1957
Dendrotettix zimmermanni (Saussure): Friauf 1957
Melanoplus acrophilus Hebard: Hebard 1935, Otte 2002
Melanoplus angustipennis (Dodge): USDA 1956
Melanoplus attenuatus Scudder: Scudder 1897
Melanoplus bivitttatus (Say): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1956
Melanoplus carnegiei Morse: Rehn and Hebard 1910
Melanoplus celatus Morse: Hebard 1937
Melanoplus cherokee Hebard: MEM, Hebard 1935, Otte 2002
Melanoplus confusus Scudder: Rehn and Hebard 1916
Melanoplus deceptus Morse: MEM, Morse 1904a, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Hebard 1935, Otte 2002
Melanoplus decoratus Morse: Morse 1904a, Morse 1904b
Melanoplus decorus Rehn and Hebard: Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920
Melanoplus delaware Hebard: Rehn and Hebard 1916Hebard 1935
Melanoplus devius Morse: 1904a, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Melanoplus differentialis differentialis (Thomas): Roberts 1942, USDA 1956
Melanoplus divergens Morse: Morse 1904a, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Hebard 1937
Melanoplus eurycercus Hebard: Hebard 1935, Otte 2002
Melanoplus femurrubrum (DeGeer): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, USDA 1956, Dakin 1985
Melanoplus hubbelli Hebard: Otte 2002
Melanoplus impudicus Scudder: Morse 1904b, Gurney 1941
Melanoplus keeleri keeleri (Thomas): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910,Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1956
Melanoplus mirus Rehn and Hebard: MEM, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Melanoplus nigrescens (Scudder): Rehn and Hebard 1916
Melanoplus nubilus Rehn and Hebard: Rehn and Hebard 1916
Melanoplus pachycercus Hebard: Otte 2002
Melanoplus propinquus Scudder: Rehn and Hebard 1916, Dakin 1985
Melanoplus punctulatus punctulatus (Scudder): Brimley 1908
Melanoplus sanguinipes vulturnus Gurney and Brooks: Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957, Gurney and Brooks 1959
Melanoplus scudderi scudderi (Uhler): MEM, Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, USDA 1957
Melanoplus serrulatus Hebard: Hebard 1937
Melanoplus similis Morse: Morse 1904a, Morse 1904b, Otte 2002
Melanoplus strumosus Morse: MEM, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Melanoplus sylvestris Morse: Morse 1904a, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Melanoplus walshii Scudder: Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Paratylotropidia beutenmuelleri Morse: Morse 1907, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Paroxya atlantica Scudder: Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916
Paroxya clavuliger (Serville): Morse 1904b, Brimley 1908, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Davis and Gray 1966


ROMALEIDAE
Romalea microptera (Beauvois): Blatchley 1920, Rehn and Grant 1959, Rehn and Grant 1961

Literature Cited

Blatchley, W. S.  1920.  The Orthoptera of Northeastern America: With Special Reference to the Faunas of Indiana and Florida. Nature Publishing Company, Indianapolis, IN. 784pp.

Brimley, C.S. 1908, Note on the Orthoptera of Raleigh, North Carolina. Entomological News 19: 16-21.

Dakin, M. E. 1985. A review of the Melanoplus femur-rubrum group (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae) in the southeastern United States. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 111: 385-398.

Davis, L. V, and I. E. Gray. 1966. Zonal and seasonal distribution of insects in North Carolina salt marshes. Ecological Monographs. 36: 275-295.

Donato, M, and M. M. Cigliano. 2000. Revision of the Genus Metaleptea Bruner von Wattenwyl (Orthoptera; Acrididae; Hyalopterygini) Transactions of the American Entomological Society 126: 145-173.

Friauf, J. J. 1957. Clarification of the species in the genus Dendrotettix (Orthoptera: Acrididae, Cyrtacanthacrinae). Florida Entomologist 40: 127-139.

Gurney, A. B. 1941. Taxonomic and bionomic notes on the grasshopper Melanoplus impudicusScudder (Orthoptera: Acrididae) The American Midland Naturalist 26: 558-569.

Gurney, A. B. and A. R. Brooks. 1959. Grasshoppers of the Mexicanus group, genus Melanoplus (Orthoptera: Acrididiae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 110: 1-93.

Hebard, M. 1935. New Genera and species of Melanopli found within the United States and Canada (Orthoptera: Acrididae) Parts V-VI. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 60: 337-390.

Hebard, M. 1937.  New Genera and species of Melanopli found within the United States and Canada (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Parts X to XIV: The Saltator group, the Femur-nigrum group (supplement), the Indigens group (Supplement), The Mancus and Texanus group of the genus Melanoplus. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 63:147-173.

Hubbell, T. H. 1960. The sibling species of the Alutacea Group of the bird-locust genus Schistocerca (Orthoptera: Cyrtacanthacridinae). Miscellaneous Publication of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology 116: 1-91.

Morse, A. P. 1904a. New Acridiidae from the southern states. Psyche 11: 7-13.

Morse, A. P. 1904b. Researches on North American Acrididae.  Carnegie Institute of Washington publication 18. 1-55. ill

Morse, A. P. 1907.  Paratylotropidia beutenmuelleri Sp. Nov .Psyche 14: 14.

Otte, D. 1981. The North American Grasshoppers Volume 1: Acrididae: Gomphocerinae and Acridinae. Harvard University Press. Cambrigde, 275 pp.

Otte, D. 1984. The North American Grasshoppers Volume II. Harvard University Press. Cambrigde. 366 pp.

Otte, D. 2002. Studies of Melanoplus. 1. Review of the Viridipes group (Acrididae: Melanoplinae). Journal of Orthoptera Research 11: 91-118.

Rehn, J. A. G. and D. C. Eades. 1961.  The tribe Leptysmimi (Orthoptea; Acrididae; Cyrtacanthacridinae) as found in North America and Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 113. 81-134.

Rehn, J. A. G. and H. J. Grant. 1959. A review of the Romaleinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae) found in America north of Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 111: 109-271.

Rehn, J. A. G. and H. J. Grant. 1961. A Monograph of the Orthoptera of North American (North of Mexico) Volume I. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 1-257.

Rehn J. A. G. and M. Hebard. 1910. Preliminary studies of North Carolina Orthoptera. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 62: 615-650.

Rehn J. A. G. and M. Hebard. 1916.  Studies in the Dermaptera and Orthoptera of the Coastal Plain and Piedmont region of the southeastern United States. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.  87: 87-314.

Roberts, H. R. 1942. Two subspecies of Melanoplus differntialis and related new species from Mexico with discussion of their variations. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 154: 151-166.

Roberts, H, R. 1978. Revision of the tribe Leptysmini except the genus Cylindrotettix (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Leptysminae) Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia 129: 33-69.

Scudder, S. H.  1897. Revision of the orthopteran group Melanopli (Acridiidae), with special reference to North American forms. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 20: 1-421.

Scudder, S. H. 1899. Short studies of North American Tryxalinae. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Science. 35:  41-57.

Song, H. 2004. Revision of the Alutacea group of genus Schistocerca (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Cyrtacanthacridinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97: 420-436.

USDA. 1956. Cooperative economic insect report. 56: 597-1150

recorded as punctulatus (no subspecies mentioned)