Grasshoppers of Mississippi (species list)
JoVonn G. Hill

As part of an ongoing study of the grasshopper fauna of the southeastern U.S., reliable literature records were gathered to identify what species had been previously documented from each state. The annotated list below contains 51 taxa that have been documented in Mississippi followed by whether specimens from the state are present in the Mississippi Entomological Museum (MEM) and the literature records documenting the species in the state. This list will be updated with more literature and species records as the fauna of Mississippi is studied more intently. 

The list is currently arranged taxonomically by subfamily and then alphabetically within each subfamily.  Taxonomy follows Eades et al. (2010).

 

GOMPHOCERINAE
Achurum carinatum (Walker): MEM, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1981
Amblytropidia mysteca (Saussure): MEM, Morse 1907, Otte 1981, Hill 2007
Dichromorpha elegans (Morse): MEM, Morse 1907, Blatchley 1920
Dichromorpha viridis  (Scudder): MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1956, Otte 1981, Lago et a. 1988
Mermiria bivittata (Serville): MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Otte 1981, Hill 2007
Mermiria picta (Walker): MEM, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1981, Hill 2007
Orphulella pelidna (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Otte 1981, Lago et al. 1988, Hill 2007
Orphulella speciosa (Scudder): MEM, USDA 1957, Otte 1981, Lago et al. 1988
Pseudopomala brachyptera (Scudder): MEM, Hill 2005, Hill 2007
Syrbula admirabilis (Uhler): MEM, Morse 1907, Hill 2007


ACRIDINAE

Metaleptea brevicornis (Johannson): MEM, Otte 1981


OEDIPODINAE
Arphia granulata (Sassure): MEM, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1984
Arphia sulphurea  (Fabricius): MEM, Morse 1907, Otte 1984, Hill 2007
Arphia xanthoptera (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1907, Otte 1984, Hill 2007
Chortophaga austrailor Rehn & Hebard: MEM, Otte 1984
Chortophaga viridifasciata (DeGeer): MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1956, Otte 1984, Lago et a. 1988, Hill 2007
Dissosteira carolina  (Linnaeus): MEM, Morse 1907, Richmond 1962, USDA 1956, Otte 1984, Lago et a. 1988, Hill 2007.
Hippiscus ocelote (Saussure): MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1956, Otte 1984, Hill 2007
Pardalophora phoenicoptera (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1907, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1957, Otte 1984, Hill 2007
Psinidia fenestralis (Serville): MEM, Morse 1907, Blatchley 1920, Richmond 1962, Otte 1984, Lago et a. 1988
Spharagemon bolli Scudder: MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Richmond 1962, Otte 1984, Hill 2007
Spharagemon marmorata picta (Scudder): MEM, Morse 1907, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1984
Trachyrhachys kiowa  (Thomas): MEM, Blatchley 1920, Hill 2007
Trimerotropis maritima (Harris): MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Richmond 1962, Otte 1984, Lago et al. 1988, Hill 2007


LEPTYSMINAE

Leptysma marginicollis (Serville): MEM, Morse 1907, Rehn and Eades 1961, Lago et a. 1988, Hill 2007


CYRTACANTHACRIDINAE
Schistocerca alutacea Harris: MEM, Morse 1907, Hubbell 1960, Song 2004
Schistocerca americana (Drury): MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Richmond 1962, Lago et al. 1988, Hill 2007
Schistocerca damnifica (Saussure): MEM, Hill 2007.
Schistocerca obscura (Fabricius): MEM, Morse 1907, Lago et al. 1988, Song 2004, Hill 2007
Schistocerca lineata Scudder: Song 2004.
Schistocerca rubiginosa (Harris): MEM, Hubbell 1960


MELANOPLINAE

Campylacantha olivacea (Scudder): MEM, USDA 1956, Hill 2005, Hill 2007
Hesperotettix viridis brevipennis (Thomas): MEM, Hill 2007
Melanoplus bivitttatus (Say): MEM, Hill 2007
Melanoplus differentialis differentialis (Thomas): MEM, Blatchley 1920, Roberts 1942, USDA 1956, Hill 2007
Melanoplus differentialis nigricans Cockerell: Lago et al. 1988.
Melanoplus femurrubrum (DeGeer): MEM, Dakin 1985, Hill 2007
Melanoplus gracillis (Bruner): MEM, Hebard 1935, Otte 2002
Melanoplus impudicus Scudder: MEM, Morse 1907, Gurney 1941
Melanoplus keeleri keeleri (Thomas): MEM, Hill 2007
Melanoplus ponderosus ponderosus (Scudder): USDA 1957.
Melanoplus propinquus Scudder: MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1956, Dakin 1985, Lago et al. 1988
Melanoplus punctulatus arboreus Scudder: MEM, Lago et al. 1988
Melanoplus sanguinipes vulturnus Gurney and Brooks: MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Gurney and Brooks 1959, Hill 2007
Melanoplus scudderi scudderi (Uhler): MEM, USDA 1957 Hill 2007
Melanoplus tepidus Morse: MEM, Morse 1906, Morse 1907, Hill 2007
Melanoplus tunicae Hebard: MEM, Hebard 1920
Melanoplus vulnus Eades: MEM, Morse 1907, Eades 1959
Paroxya atlantica Scudder: MEM, Morse 1907, Lago et al. 1988
Paroxya clavuliger (Serville): MEM, Morse 1907


ROMALEIDAE
Romalea microptera (Beauvois): MEM, Morse 1907, Rehn and Grant 1959, Rehn and Grant 1961, Hill 2007


Literature Cited


Blatchley, W. S.  1920.  The Orthoptera of Northeastern America: With Special Reference to the Faunas of Indiana and Florida. Nature Publishing Company, Indianapolis, IN. 784p.

Dakin, M. E. 1985. A review of the Melanoplus femur-rubrum group (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae) in the southeastern United States. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 111: 385-398.

Eades, D. C. 1959. A new species of Melanoplus from the southeastern United States (Orthoptera, Acridiae, Cyrtacanthacridinae). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan. 614. 11pp .

Eades, D. C.; D. Otte, M. M. Cigliano, and H. Braun. 2010. Orthoptera Species File Online. Version 2.0/4.0. Accessed February 2011. <http://Orthoptera.SpeciesFile.org>

Gurney, A. B. 1941. Taxonomic and bionomic notes on the grasshopper Melanoplus impudicus Scudder (Orthoptera: Acrididae) The American Midland Naturalist 26: 558-569.

Gurney, A. B. and A. R. Brooks. 1959. Grasshoppers of the Mexicanus group, genus Melanoplus (Orthoptera: Acrididiae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 110: 1-93.

Hebard, M. 1920   New species and genera of Melanopli found within the United States Part III (Orthoptera: Acrdidae) Transactions of the American Entomological Society 46: 355-403.

Hebard, M. 1935. New Genera and species of Melanopli found within the United States and Canada (Orthoptera: Acrididae) Parts V-VI. Transactions of the American Entomological Society.

Hill, J. G. 2005.  Disjunct distributions of Pseudopomala brachyptera and  Campylacantha olivacea (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in blackland prairies of Mississippi.  Entomological News 116: 127-130.

Hill, J. G. 2007. The grasshopper (Orthoptera: Romaleidae: Acrididae) fauna of Black Belt Prairie remnants in Mississippi and Alabama. Journal of Orthoptera Research 16: 139-144.

Hubbell, T. H. 1960. The sibling species of the Alutacea Group of the bird-locust genus Schistocerca (Orthoptera: Cyrtacanthacridinae). Miscellaneous Publication of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology 116: 1-91.

Lago, P. K., S. Testa III, and M. E. Dakin. 1988. The insects of Point Clear Island and surrounding Marshlands, Hancock County, Mississippi. II: Orthoptera, Dermaptera, Isoptera, and Embioptera.  Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Science 33: 81-91.

Morse, A. P. 1906 New Acridiidae from the southern states. Psyche 13: 119-122.

Morse, A. P. 1907. Further researches on North American Acrididae.  Carnegie Institute of Washington publication 68. 1-54. ill

Otte, D. 1981. The North American Grasshoppers Volume 1: Acrididae: Gomphocerinae and Acridinae. Harvard University Press. Cambrigde, 275pp,

Otte, D. 1984. The North American Grasshoppers Volume II. Harvard University Press. Cambrigde. 366 pp.

Otte, D. 2002. Studies of Melanoplus. 1. Review of the Viridipes group (Acrididae: Melanoplinae). Journal of Orthoptera Research 11: 91-118.

Rehn, J. A. G. and D. C. Eades. 1961.  The tribe Leptysmimi (Orthoptea; Acrididae; Cyrtacanthacridinae) as found in North America and Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 113. 81-134.

Rehn, J. A. G. and H. J. Grant. 1959. A review of the Romaleinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae) found in America north of Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 111: 109-271.

Rehn, J. A. G. and H. J. Grant. 1961. A Monograph of the Orthoptera of North American (North of Mexico) Volume I. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 1-257.

Richmond, E. A. 1962. The flora and fauna of Horn Island, Mississippi. Gulf Research Reports 1: 59-106.

Roberts, H. R. 1942. Two subspecies of Melanoplus differntialis and related new   species from Mexico with discussion of their variations. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 154: 151-166.

Song, H. 2004. Revision of the Alutacea group of genus Schistocerca (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Cyrtacanthacridinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97: 420-436.

USDA. 1956. Cooperative economic insect report. 56: 597-1150

USDA 1957. Cooperative economic insect report 7:50-480.