Grasshoppers of Arkansas (species list)
JoVonn G. Hill


As part of an ongoing study of the grasshopper fauna of the southeastern U.S., reliable literature records were gathered to identify what species had been previously documented from each state. The annotated list below contains 55 species that have been documented in Arkansas followed by whether specimens from the state are present in the Mississippi Entomological Museum (MEM) and the literature records documenting the species in the state. This list will be updated with more literature and species records as the fauna of Arkansas is studied more intently and to reflect taxonomic changes. 

The list is currently arranged taxonomically by subfamily and then alphabetically within each subfamily.  Taxonomy follows Eades et al. (2010).

 

Gomphocerinae
Ageneotettix deorum Scudder: USDA 1956, Otte 1981
Amblytropidia mysteca (Saussure): MEM, Morse 1907, Otte 1981
Boopedon auriventris McNeil: MEM, McNeil 1899d, Morse 1907, USDA 1956, Otte 1981
Boopedon gracile Rehn: MEM
Chloealtis conspersa Harris: McNeil 1899d, Morse 1907, Blatchley 1920
Dichromorpha elegans (Morse): Otte 1981
Dichromorpha viridis  (Scudder): McNeil 1899d, Morse 1907, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1956, Otte 1981
Eritettix simplex (Scudder): McNeil 1899d, Blatchley 1920
Orphulella pelidna (Burmeister): MEM, McNeil 1899d, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Otte 1981
Orphulella speciosa (Scudder): McNeil 1899d, Morse 1907, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1957, Otte 1981
Mermiria bivittata (Serville): Otte 1981
Mermiria picta (Walker): Otte 1981
Syrbula admirabilis (Uhler): MEM, McNeil 1899d, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Otte 1981


ACRIDINAE
Metaleptea brevicornis (Johannson): McNeil 1899d, Blatchley 1920


Oedipodinae
Arphia simplex Scudder: Otte 1984
Arphia sulphurea  (Fabricius): Morse 1907, Otte 1984
Arphia xanthoptera (Burmeister): MEM, Morse 1907, Otte 1984
Chortophaga viridifasciata (DeGeer): MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1956, Otte 1984
Dissosteira carolina  (Linnaeus): MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1956,Otte 1984
Hippiscus ocelote (Saussure): MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1956, Otte 1984]
Pardalophora phoenicoptera (Burmeister): Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Otte 1984
Spharagemon bolli Scudder: MEM, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Otte 1984
Spharagemon cristatum (Scudder): Otte 1984
Spharagemon equale (Say): USDA 1957, Otte 1984
Trachyrhachys kiowa  (Thomas): Morse 1907, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1957
Trimerotropis maritima (Harris): MEM, McNeil 1901, Morse 1907, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1957, Otte 1984
Trimerotropis saxatalis McNeil: MEM, McNeil 1901, Morse 1907, Otte 1984

Cyrtacanthacridinae
Schistocerca americana (Drury): Morse 1907, USDA 1957
Schistocerca alutacea Harris: Morse 1907, Hubbell 1960, Song 2004
Schistocerca obscura (Fabricius): Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Song 2004
Schistocerca lineata Scudder: Song 2004


Melanoplinae
Campylacantha olivacea (Scudder): McNeil 1899a, Morse 1907,USDA 1956
Dendrotettix quercus Riley: McNeil 1899a
Hesperotettix viridis pratensis Scudder: MEM, McNeil 1899a, Morse 1907, USDA 1956
Melanoplus angustipennis (Dodge): Mcneiil 1899c
Melanoplus bispinosus Scudder: Morse 1907, USDA 1956
Melanoplus bivitttatus (Say):  Mcneiil 1899b, USDA 1956
Melanoplus differentialis differentialis (Thomas): McNeil 1899b, Morse 1907? , Roberts 1942, USDA 1956:
Melanoplus differentialis nigricans Cockerell: Roberts 1942
Melanoplus fasciatus (Walker): McNeil 1899c
Melanoplus femurrubrum (DeGeer): MEM, McNeil 1899c, Morse 1907, USDA 1956
Melanoplus foedus Scudder: Morse 1907 (subspecies not listed).
Melanoplus gracilis (Bruner): McNeil 1899c, Morse 1907, Otte 2002
Melanoplus impudicus Scudder: McNeil 1899c, Morse 1907, Gurney 1941
Melanoplus inconspicuus Caudell: MEM, Hilliard 2001, Otte 2012
Melanoplus keeleri keeleri (Thomas): MEM, McNeil 1899c, Morse 1907, USDA 1956
Melanoplus packardii Scudder: McNeil 1899c
Melanoplus rusticus obovatipennis (Blatchley): MEM, McNeil 1899c, Morse 1907
Melanoplus sanguinipes vulturnus Gurney and Brooks: MEM, McNeil 1899, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Gurney and Brooks 1959
Melanoplus scudderi scudderi (Uhler): MEM, McNeil 1899c, Morse 1907, USDA 1957
Melanoplus sylvaticus McNeil: McNeil 1899c, Hebard 1935, Otte 2002
Melanoplus viola Thomas: MEM, McNeil 1899b, Morse 1907, USDA 1957, Otte 2012
Paratylotropidia brunneri Scudder: McNeil 1899a, Morse 1907
Paratylotropidia morsei Rehn and Rehn: MEM, Rehn and Rehn 1943


ROMALEIDAE
Romalea microptera (Beauvois): Rehn and Grant 1959, Rehn and Grant 1961


Literature Cited

Blatchley, W. S.  1920.  The Orthoptera of Northeastern America: With Special Reference to the Faunas of Indiana and Florida. Nature Publishing Company, Indianapolis, IN. 784p.

Gurney, A. B. 1941. Taxonomic and bionomic notes on the grasshopper Melanoplus impudicus Scudder (Orthoptera: Acrididae) The American Midland Naturalist 26: 558-569.

Gurney, A. B. and A. R. Brooks. 1959. Grasshoppers of the Mexicanus group, genus Melanoplus (Orthoptera: Acrididiae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 110: 1-93.

Hebard, M. 1935. New Genera and species of Melanopli found within the United States and Canada (Orthoptera: Acrididae) Parts V-VI. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 60: 337-390.

Hilliard, J. R. jr. 2001. Two new grasshopper species in the Texanus group of the genus Melanoplus (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae) with biological notes on the group. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 127: 31-68.

Hubbell, T. H. 1960. The sibling species of the Alutacea Group of the bird-locust genus Schistocerca (Orthoptera: Cyrtacanthacridinae). Miscellaneous Publication of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology 116: 1-91.

McNeil, J. 1899a. Arkansas Melanopli I. Psyche 8: 332-334.

McNeil, J. 1899b. Arkansas Melanopli II. Psyche 8:343-346.

McNeil, J. 1899c. Arkansas Melanopli ---III. Psyche 8: 366-371.

McNeil, J. 1899d. Notes on Arkansas Truxalinae. The Canadian Entomologist 31:53-55.

McNeill. 1901. Revision of the Orthopteran genus Trimerotropis. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 23(1215):393-449.

Morse, A. P. 1907. Further researches on North American Acrididae.  Carnegie Institute of Washington publication 68. 1-54. ill

Otte, D. 1981. The North American Grasshoppers Volume 1: Acrididae: Gomphocerinae and Acridinae. Harvard University Press. Cambrigde, 275 pp

Otte, D. 1984. The North American Grasshoppers Volume II. Harvard University Press. Cambrigde. 366 pp.

Otte, D. 2002. Studies of Melanoplus. 1. Review of the Viridipes group (Acrididae: Melanoplinae). Journal of Orthoptera Research 11: 91-118.

Rehn, J. A. G. and H. J. Grant. 1959. A review of the Romaleinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae) found in America north of Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 111: 109-271.

Rehn, J. A. G. and H. J. Grant. 1961. A Monograph of the Orthoptera of North American (North of Mexico) Volume I. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 1-257.

Rehn, J. A. G. and J. W. H. Rehn. 1943. The North American genus Paratylotropidia (Orthoptera, Acrididae, Cyrtacanthacridinae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 69: 33-60.

Roberts, H. R. 1942. Two subspecies of Melanoplus differntialis and related new species from Mexico with discussion of their variations. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 154: 151-166.

Song, H. 2004. Revision of the Alutacea group of genus Schistocerca (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Cyrtacanthacridinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97: 420-436.

USDA. 1956. Cooperative economic insect report. 56: 597-1150.

USDA 1957. Cooperative economic insect report 7:50-480.

LAST UPDATED 2-2013

Recorded as M. differentialis.