Ants of Missouri - Species List [Missouri Pest Ants] [Missouri Exotic Ants]

by James C. Trager and Joe A. MacGown
uploaded on 9 February 2011

Although Missouri is typically considered to be a midwestern state, it borders both Arkansas and Tennessee, and otherwise has many affinities to the southeastern United States. Additionally, many of the ants found in Missouri are also present in the Southeast. Plus, we now have a comprehensive list of species for Missouri. Therefore, for the purposes of this web site, we are including "The Ants of Missouri" here.

The ant fauna of Missouri contains elements from the faunas of the eastern deciduous forest, the southeastern mixed forests and pinelands, and the Great Plains grasslands. As recently as the 1850s, tallgrass prairie dominated the level or gently rolling ground in the north and west of the state. The prairies were dotted with patches of woodland on steeper slopes and rocky outcrops, and along major stream courses were streaked with forested tracts festooned with lianas. The southeast corner of Missouri, the "Boot Heel", consisted of an extensive, nearly flat stretch of sandy soil over clay, with a mosaic of vegetation ranging from sand prairies and post oak savannas to cypress and tupelo swamps. These vegetation types differed by only a few feet in elevation. Between the prairies and the Boot Heel lie the Ozarks, a 280 million-year-old, never-glaciated mountain range containing high biological endemism. The Ozark topography was cloaked in a rich mosaic of plant life including xeric glades (a type of grassland), mesic prairies, spring-fed fens, pine and pine-oak savannas, and diverse forest types -- most dominated by one to several of Missouri’s 22 oak species.

Much of this vegetation has been altered, with near total destruction of the native vegetation of the prairie and Boot Heel regions, and moderate to severe degradation of the Ozark timberlands. The Ozarkian grasslands a have all succeeded to or been shrunken by encroaching trees. What remains of each of the pre-1850s vegetation types still has its own assemblage of ant species. Missouri ants listed here comprise 147 species, including a few exotics, mostly confined to heated greenhouses, etc. Progressively smaller subsets of the native fauna occur on a spectrum of habitat quality from high-quality natural remnants to de novo anthropogenic habitats. Several ant species are at or near the southern or eastern edge of their geographical distribution in Missouri, a smaller number are at or near the northern or western edge, but apparently none are endemic.

Clicking on a species name will lead to a page with further information and photographs of that species. Although species pages are at various levels of progress, most pages now have representative photographs of at least workers of the species. In addition to the photographs of ants taken by Joe MacGown at the Mississippi Entomological Museum (MEM), many photos are used, with permission, from AntWeb, a web site about ants of the world with amazing photos. Another site with photographs of ants is "Discover Life." The Discover Life site provides a list of North American ants with photos at "Kinds of Ants, Ants of North America Page". On each individual MEM species page, a link is provided (at the bottom of the page) for that species on both the AntWeb site and the Discover Life ant site. Names follow Bolton and Alpert (2012).

List of Species (arranged alphabetically by tribe)

Family Formicidae
Subfamily Dolichoderinae
Tribe Dolichoderini
Dolichoderus mariae Forel
Dolichoderus plagiatus (Mayr)
Dolichoderus pustulatus Mayr
Dolichoderus taschenbergi (Mayr)
Dorymyrmex flavus McCook
Dorymyrmex grandulus (Forel)
Dorymyrmex smithi Cole
Forelius pruinosus (Roger)
Tapinoma melanocephalum (Fabricius)
Tapinoma sessile (Say)
Tapinoma IL01
Technomyrmex difficilis Forel (previously misidentified as T. albipes (Smith), see Wetterer, 2008)

Subfamily Formicinae
Tribe Lasiini
Lasius alienus (Foerster)
Lasius claviger (Roger)
Lasius flavus (Fabricius)
Lasius interjectus (Mayr)
Lasius latipes (Walsh)
Lasius neoniger Emery
Lasius umbratus (Nylander)

Nylanderia arenivaga (Wheeler)
Nylanderia bourbonica (Forel)
Nylanderia faisonensis (Forel)
Nylanderia parvula (Mayr)
Nylanderia terricola (Buckley) (pest)
Nylanderia trageri Kallal and LaPolla
Prenolepis imparis (Say)

Tribe Plagiolepidini
Brachymyrmex depilis Emery
Brachymyrmex patagonicus Mayr

Tribe Camponotini
Camponotus americanus Mayr
Camponotus caryae (Fitch)
Camponotus castaneus (Latreille)
Camponotus chromaiodes Bolton
Camponotus decipiens Emery )
Camponotus discolor (Buckley)
Camponotus impressus (Roger)
Camponotus mississippiensis Smith
Camponotus nearcticus Emery
Camponotus obliquus Smith
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (DeGeer)
Camponotus snellingi Bolton
Camponotus subbarbatus Emery

Tribe Formicini
Formica argentea Wheeler
Formica biophilica Trager
Formica creightoni Buren
Formica dakotensis Emery
Formica difficilis Emery
Formica dolosa Buren
Formica exsectoides Forel
Formica fossaceps Buren
Formica incerta Buren
Formica knighti Buren
Formica montana Emery
Formica neogagates Emery
Formica obscuripes Forel
Formica obscuriventris Mayr
Formica pallidefulva Latreille
Formica pergandei Emery
Formica prociliata Kennedy & Dennis
Formica querquetulana Kennedy and Dennis
Formica rubicunda Emery
Formica subintegra Wheeler
Formica subsericea Say
Formica vinculans Wheeler
Polyergus mexicanus Forel
Polyergus longicornis Smith
Polyergus lucidus Mayr
Polyergus montivagus Wheeler
Polyergus ruber Trager

Subfamily Ecitoninae
Tribe Ecitonini

Neivamyrmex nigrescens (Cresson)
Neivamyrmex opacithorax (Emery)

Subfamily Amblyoponinae
Tribe Amblyoponini
Stigmatomma pallipes (Haldeman)

Subfamily Ponerinae
Tribe Ponerini
Cryptopone gilva (Roger)
Hypoponera opacior (Forel)
Odontomachus ruginodis Smith ?????
Ponera exotica Smith
Ponera pennsylvanica Buckley

Subfamily Proceratiinae
Tribe Proceratiini

Proceratium crassicorne Emery
Proceratium croceum (Roger)
Proceratium pergandei (Emery)
Proceratium silaceum Roger

Subfamily Myrmicinae
Tribe Dacetini
Strumigenys abdita Wesson & Wesson
Strumigenys angulata Smith
Strumigenys clypeata Roger
Strumigenys dietrichi Smith
Strumigenys filirrhina (Brown)
Strumigenys laevinasis Smith
Strumigenys louisianae Roger
Strumigenys missouriensis Smith
Strumigenys ohioensis Kennedy & Schramm
Strumigenys ornata Mayr
Strumigenys pergandei Emery
Strumigenys pilinasis Forel
Strumigenys pulchella Emery
Strumigenys reflexa Wesson & Wesson
Strumigenys rostrata Emery
Strumigenys talpa Weber

Tribe Attini
Trachymyrmex septentrionalis (McCook)

Tribe Stenammini
Stenamma brevicorne (Mayr)
Stenamma diecki Emery
Stenamma impar Forel
Stenamma meridionale Smith
Stenamma schmittii Wheeler

Tribe Solenopsidini
Monomorium minimum (Buckley)
Monomorium pharaonis (Linnaeus)
Solenopsis invicta Buren
Solenopsis molesta (Say)
Solenopsis tennesseensis Smith
Solenopsis texana Emery

Tribe Myrmicini
Myrmica americana Weber
Mymica emeryana Cole
Myrmica fracticornis Fore
Myrmica pinetorum Wheeler
Myrmica punctiventris Roger
Myrmica spatulata Smith
Myrmica AF-evani Francoer, in prep
AF-sculp Francoer, in prep

Tribe Tetramoriini
Tetramorium bicarinatum (Nylander)
Tetramorium tsushimae Emery
Tetramorium sp. E.

Tribe Pheidolini
Aphaenogaster fulva Roger
Aphaenogaster lamellidens Mayr
Aphaenogaster mariae Forel
Aphaenogaster N16 Umphrey
Aphaenogaster N17 Umphrey
Aphaenogaster N19 Umphrey
Aphaenogaster N22b Umphrey
Aphaenogaster tennesseensis (Mayr)
Aphaenogaster treatae Forel
Pheidole bicarinata Mayr
Pheidole dentata Mayr
Pheidole megacephala Fabricius
Pheidole morrisi Forel
Pheidole pilifera (Roger)
Pheidole tysoni Forel

Tribe Crematogastrini
Crematogaster ashmeadi Mayr
Crematogaster cerasi (Fitch)
Crematogaster laeviuscula Mayr
Crematogaster lineolata (Say)
Crematogaster missuriensis Emery
Crematogaster pilosa Emery

Tribe Formicoxenini
Protomognathus americanus (Emery)
Temnothorax ambiguus (Emery)
Temnothorax curvispinosus (Mayr)
Temnothorax longispinosus (Roger)
Temnothorax pergandei (Emery)
Temnothorax schaumii (Roger)
Temnothorax texanus (Wheeler)

Tribe Myrmecinini
Myrmecina americana Emery

Literature Cited

Bolton, B. & G. D. Alpert. 2012. Barry Bolton’s Synopsis of the Formicidae and Catalogue of Ants of the World, in Version: 1 July 2012. Accessed on 3 July 2012.