Zophodia Hübner

Thomas J. Simonsen and Richard L. Brown

Last updated:  Dec.15, 2009

Taxonomic Synonymy
Zophodia Hübner, 1825. Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge: 370.
Type species: Tinea convolutella Hübner, 1796. Subsequent designation, Hulst, 1890.

Dakruma Grote, 1878. Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr., 4: 702.
Type species: Dakruma turbatella Grote, 1878.

Diagnostic Characters
Adult
Zophodia can be distinguished by the following combination of characters: 1) antenna of male with dorsal, scale-like sensilla close to the base of the flagellum, 2) maxillary palpus filiform, 3) forewing M2 and M3 fused for more than half their length, 4) male abdomen 8 with one pair of weakly developed scale tufts (Heinrich 1956; Neunzig 1997; Simonsen 2008).

Larva
According to Neunzig (1997) the larvae are moderately robust with a dark head and weakly defined pinacula rings around the SD1 setae on mesothorax and abdomen 8.

Larval Hosts
The larvae feed on various members of Grossulariaceae, in particular Ribes sp. (Heinrich 1956; Neunzig 1997).

Life History
Eggs are laid singly in open blossoms. The larvae feed on the fruits (Neunzig 1997).

Distribution
Zophodia is Holarctic, but it may be introduced in the old world (Heinrich 1956; Neunzig 1997).

Species (provisionally)
grossularialla
multistriatella